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Kipps Apparatus

  • ca. 1900
  • 16 in. H x 7 in. W x 5 in. D
  • On display in Making Modernity
  • 2003.652


A Kipps apparatus is used to produce a gas (usually hydrogen sulfide) by combining a liquid and a solid without heating. Invented in 1844 by Petrus Jacobus Kipp, the apparatus was used throughout the rest of the 19th as well as the 20th century, only going out of use when prepackaged gas canisters became commercially available.

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