Title and Description Page
Childhood and Education 1
Growing up in Bridgeport, Connecticut. Grammar school and high school during World War II. Attending the Bridgeport Engineering Institute. Working at the Bridgeport Brass Company. Yale University. Navy Officer Training School. Naval tour. Family. Warren Harding High School. The Navy's "V-12" program.
Early Career 4
Working at Chance-Vought Aircraft. Designing the F7U's hydraulic system. Application to Perkin-Elmer Corporation and brief history of the company. Interview with John U. White. Working on the Model 12 and Model 21. The 1950 Pittsburg Conference. Redesigning the Model 21 and creating accessories for the instrument. Designing standard charts for "pure spectra." Paul Wilks and Van Zandt Williams disinterest in Coates's work. First meeting with Dick Perkin. The early significance of the Model 21 to Perkin-Elmer.
Expanded Role at Perkin-Elmer 10
Working in Perkin-Elmer's sales department. Designing the Interchange Unit for the Model 21. Working in international relations. Competing with Beckman Instrument's first infrared (IR) spectrophotometer. Introduction of the Model 21A. Infighting over the Model 21's importance versus the Model 21C. Hiring Abe Savitsky. The Model 13. Redesigning the Model 13 as the 13U. Developing an IR microscope attachment for the Model 85. Working with Abe Offner. Reflections on the development of the NanoSpec 20 IR. Sadtler's compilation of "pure spectra." Redesigning instruments for John White. Development of the Model 139.
Trip to Japan 18
Hitachi's superior mass spectrometer. Finding a market for Hitachi's instrument. Klaus Biemann. Selling Hitachi electron microscopes. Fixing the Hitachi mass spectrometer. The deal between Perkin-Elmer and Hitachi. Designing the Model 270. The disintegration of Perkin-Elmer's relationship with Hitachi. Working with Hitachi in California. Development of the field-emission scanning electron microscopes (FESEM). Quitting Perkin-Elmer.
Starting His Own Business 23
Len Welter. Coates & Welter Instrument Corporation. American Optical Corporation buys-out Coates's company. The applications lab at Perkin-Elmer. Harry Hausdorff and the expansion of Perkin-Elmer in to Europe. Alan Walsh and atomic absorption. Directing Perkin-Elmer's research and development subsidiaries in Europe. Peter B. Fellgett. Move to California. The Ultech Company. American Optical's conservative business practices. Developing a Raman SEM instrument for Perkin-Elmer.
Nanometrics Incorporated 32
Development of Nanometrics Raman spectrophotometer systems. Working with Professor Michael Bernes. Joseph DeRisi and SARS. Selling to integrated-circuit manufacturers. Early integration of computer technology in to Nanometrics's instruments. Development of low-voltage SEMs. The shift in the electronics market from the United States to Asia. The European semiconductor market. Coates's philanthropy.
Chester Nimitz and Perkin-Elmer 40
Nimitz's influence on Perkin-Elmer. Van Zandt Williams. Paul Wilks. The future of mass spectrometry. Protein analysis. Gas chromatography at Perkin-Elmer. Marcey Golay. Nathaniel Brenner. Temperature-programmed gas chromatographs. Designing the triple-stage gas chromatograph. Involvement in ultraviolet spectrometry at Perkin-Elmer. Development of the Trinon and Bi-Chromator Analyzers. Making the Trinon successful. Competition for work at Dow Chemical.
I: Publications; II: Patents Issued; III: The Perkin-Elmer Instrument News (1960): 2-3; IV: Spettroscopia E Chromatografia Di Gas: International Section (1958): 10-11; V: Vincent J. Coates, Abe Offner, and E. H. Siegler, Jr., “Design and Performance of an Infrared Microscope Attachment,” Journal of the Optical Society of America 43, no. 11 (November 1953): 984-989; VI: Vincent J. Coates, “A Variable Thickness Liquid Absorption Cell,” The Review of Scientific Instruments 22, no. 11 (November 1951): 853-854; VII: PEN 9, no. 10 (November 1961): 1, 8; VIII: Photograph of Coates at an International Sales Meeting (Date and publication unknown); IX: Photographs of Coates at Hitachi Perkin-Elmer, Ltd. Meeting held in Japan (Date and publication unknown); X: Vincent J. Coates, “Differential Knob Device,” U.S. Patent # 2,658,395. Issued 10 November 1953; XI: Bryce Crawford, Jr., “Chemical Analysis by Infrared,” Scientific American (October 1953):42-48; XII: “Comparison of Various Infrared Spectrometric Systems”; XIII: “Laboratory of the Month,” Analytical Chemistry (Date unknown); XIV: Perkin-Elmer Instrument News for Science and Industry 6, no. 3 (Spring 1955):1, 3-4, 8; XV: Vincent J. Coates and Nathaniel Brenner, “Fuel Gas Analysis by Chromatography?” Petroleum Refiner 35, no. 11 (November 1956): 197-201; XVI: Vincent J. Coates and Robert Anacreon, “Model 21 Ordinate Scale Expansion System Extends IR Measurement Sensitivity,” Perkin-Elmer Instrument News for Science and Industry 9, no. 2 (Winter
1958): 1, 9-12; XVII: Perkin-Elmer Instrument News for Science and Industry 4, no. 4 (Summer 1953): 1, 6-8; XVIII: Vincent J. Coates and Harry Hausdorff, “Interferometric Method of Measuring Spectral Slit Width of Spectrometers,” Journal of the Optical Society of America 45, no. 6 (June 1955): 425-430; XIX: Society for Applied Spectroscopy Program, Ninth Annual Meeting,
27-28 May 1954; XX: Vincent J. Coates, Thomas Miller, and Abraham Savitzky, “The Performance of the Perkin-Elmer Model 21 in the Region 210mu to 2000mu,” Applied Spectroscopy 9, no. 1(February 1955): 14-19; XXI: Nanospec 20IR Infrared Microscope Spectrophotometer, Nanometrics Incorporated, Milpitas, California.