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Hugh A. D'Andrade

  • Born: November 7, 1938, Metuchen, New Jersey

  Interview Details

Interview no.: 0172
Interview Date: November 6, 1998
Location: Madison, New Jersey
Interviewers: Sally Smith Hughes and Leo B. Slater
No. of pages: 37
Minutes: 120
Sponsor: Biotechnology Industry Organization
Biotechnology Industry Organization

  Abstract of Interview

Hugh A. D'Andrade begins the interview with a brief discussion of his education and early career. D'Andrade began his career in corporate law as General Attorney for the Ciba-Geigy Corporation in 1968. By 1977, he had risen through the ranks to become Vice President of Administration and Counsel of the Pharmaceuticals Division. In 1981, he joined Schering-Plough Corporation as Senior Vice-President of Administration. During D'Andrade's first years with Schering, the company worked with Cetus Corporation on antibiotic screening, and also worked with Biogen on interferon and erythropoietin. D'Andrade served as Schering's representative on Biogen's board for six years, where he worked closely with Charles Weissmann, Walter Gilbert, Bernard Mach, Philip Sharp, and Walter Fiers. D'Andrade worked on the development side of the interferon project and was instrumental in patent negotiations with Roche. D'Andrade discusses the presence of biotechnology in New Jersey and its relationship to other biotechnology organizations across the country. He concludes the interview with a discussion on the acquisition of DNAX, and his involvement with Biotechnology Industry Organization (BIO) and the Industrial Biotechnology Association (IBA). Please note: This transcript is also available from the University of California, Berkeley.


1961 B.A., Economics, Rutgers University
1964 LL.B. Columbia Law School

  Professional Experience

New Jersey Supreme Court

1964 - 1965

Law Secretary to Hon. Frederick W. Hall, Associate Justice

Toner, Crowley, Woelper & Vanderbilt

1965 - 1968 Associate

Ciba-Geigy Corporation

1968 - 1970 General Attorney, Ciba Corporation

Ciba-Geigy Corporation

1970 - 1975 Counsel, Pharmaceuticals Division

Ciba-Geigy Corporation

1975 - 1977 Vice President and Counsel, Pharmaceuticals Division

Ciba-Geigy Corporation

1977 - 1981 Vice President, Administration and Counsel, Pharmaceuticals Division

Schering-Plough Corporation

1981 - 1984 Senior Vice President, Administration

Schering-Plough Corporation

1984 - 1995 Executive Vice President, Administration

Schering-Plough Corporation

1996 - present Vice Chairman and Chief Administrative Officer

  Table of Contents

Title and Description Page

Early Years 1

Growing up in Metuchen, New Jersey. Attending college and law school. Working for New Jersey Supreme Court Justice. Moving to private firm. Beginning career with Ciba-Geigy. Leaving Ciba-Geigy for Schering Plough. Schering's relationship with Cetus and Biogen. Moshe Alafi and Robert Luciano.

Schering-Plough 4

Biogen's Board. Working with Philip Sharp, Walter Gilbert, Bernard Mach, Walter Fiers, Jeremy Knowles, and Charles Weissmann. Erythropoietin and interferon research.

Research and Development 11

Working on interferon development. Obtaining patents. Weissmann patent. Biotechnology's presence in United States. Research of Walter Gilbert. Enthusiasm of scientists.


Success of relationship with DNAX. Research on therapeutic proteins. Interleukin-10. Emergence of biotechnology.

Conclusion 24

Relationship with Biotechnology Industry Organization (BIO) and the Industrial Biotechnology Association (IBA). Carl Feldbaum. Future of biotechnology.

Index 28

  About the Interviewer

Sally Smith Hughes

Sally Smith Hughes graduated from the University of California, Berkeley, in 1963 with an A.B. in zoology. She received her M.A. in Anatomy from the University of California, San Francisco, in 1966. In 1972, she earned her Ph.D. in the history of science and medicine from the Royal Postgraduate Medical School, University of London. She served as postgraduate research histologist with the Cardiovascular Research Institute at the University of California, San Francisco from 1966–1969, and as science historian for the History of Science and Technology program at the Bancroft Library from 1978–1980. Dr. Hughes was the Othmer Fellow at the Chemical Heritage Foundation in 1997. She is presently research historian and principal editor on medical and scientific topics for the Regional Oral History Office, University of California, Berkeley. She is author of The Virus: A History of the Concept, and is currently interviewing and writing in the fields of AIDS and molecular biology and biotechnology.

Leo B. Slater

Leo Slater was the 2001–2002 John C. Haas Fellow and a senior research historian at the Chemical Heritage Foundation in Philadelphia, where he also served as Director of Historical Services from 1997 to 2000. A former research chemist at the Schering-Plough Research Institute, he received his doctorate in History from Princeton University in 1997.

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