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Nathalie Dusoulier

  • Born: October 18, 1927, Nice, Alpes Maritimes, France

  Interview Details

Interview no.: 0201
Interview Date: June 19, 2000
Location: Nice, France
Interviewer: W. Boyd Rayward
No. of pages: 35
Sponsor: Eugene Garfield Foundation
Eugene Garfield Foundation

  Abstract of Interview

Nathalie Dusoulier begins her interview by discussing her family background and education. She recounts how she started working in information science from her background in pharmacology. She then speaks about her employment at Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS). She describes the number of different forms her career at CNRS took, from indexing articles to directing the biology and human science sections of CNRS's publication, Bulletin Signalétique. She talks about the different methods used to index and her first experiences with automation and computing. Dusoulier then segues into discussing the commercialization of Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique (INIST) and its collaborations with various international organizations. She then speaks about a variety of other information science organizations including International Council of Scientific Unions Abstracting Board (ICSU AB), United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Programme Générale d'Information (UNESCO PGI), Federation for Information and Documentation (FID), and the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA).

Dusoulier's interview continues with details of her employment at INIST. She talks about her transition from the United Nations and moving to Nancy, France to set up INIST. She talks about hiring INIST's staff and setting up the center. She continues her earlier discussion about commercialization of information and INIST by talking about INIST Diffusion. She concludes her interview by talking about recent changes in technology and their impact on information science.

  Education

1954 Ph.D., Pharmacology, Faculté de Pharmacie de Paris
1957 Certificats de microbiologie, virologie, Virology, Institut Pasteur, Paris
1957 Certificats de sériologie Institut Pasteur, Paris
1958 Institut de Pharmacie Industrielle, Paris
1960 Institut d'Administration des Entreprises, Faculté de droit, Paris
1964 Courses in Computer Science

  Professional Experience

Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)

1961 - 1963 Abstractor and indexer of scientific literature in medical, agricultural and biological sciences

Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)

1961 - 1963 Editor and publisher of Bulletin Signalétique in medical, agricultural, and biological sciences

Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)

1964 - 1964 Responsible for all fields (physics, chemistry, et cetera)

Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)

1965 - 1977 Deputy Director and Director of documentation center

United Nations

1978 - 1981 Director, Inter-organization board for information systems, Geneva, Switzerland

United Nations

1981 - 1986 Deputy Director and Director, United Nations Library, New York

United Nations

1986 - 1988 Director, United Nations Library and Archives, Geneva, Switzerland

Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique, Nancy, France

1988 - 1994 Director and CEO

  Honors

1989 Chevalier de la Légion d'honneur, awarded by the French President
1992 Miles Conrad Memorial Award, National Federation of Abstracting and Indexing Societies
1995 International Council for Scientific and Technical Information Fellowship

  Table of Contents

Title and Description Page

Education and Early Career 1

Family background. Educational path. Car Accident.

Employment at Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) 2

Hiring. Organizational structure of CNRS. Early indexing methods. Dr. Pierre Brygoo. Jean Nyart. Directing the biology and human sciences sections of the Bulletin Signalétique. The beginning of automation and computing. ICSU AB, International Council of Scientific Unions Abstracting Board. Use of PASCAL.

Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique (INIST) 11

Commercialization. Collaboration with international organizations. Caroline Wiegand-Sakoun.

Conversation on Assorted Organizations 15

ICSU AB's collaborations with international organizations. Dealing with language barriers. Modern reconceptualization of ICSU AB and United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Programme Générale d'Information (UNESCO PGI). Federation for Information and Documentation (FID). The International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA).

Employment at INIST 20

Hiring process. Transition from the United Nations. Kofi Annan. Founding of INIST. Moving to Nancy, France. Recruitment of staff. Differences between Centre de Documentation Scientifique et Technique (CDST) and INIST. INIST Diffusion. Changes in technology.

Notes 30

Index 31

  About the Interviewer

W. Boyd Rayward

W. Boyd Rayward is a research professor in the Graduate School of Library and Information Science at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Chamapaign. He turned to librarianship after graduating in English literature from the University of Sydney. He received his Ph.D. from the Graduate Library School at the University of Chicago in 1973. He has held positions in the University of Chicago (where he became Dean of the Graduate Library School). He served as professor and head of the School of Information Library and Archive Studies and Dean of the University's Faculty of Professional Studies at the University of New South Wales in Sydney where he is now professor emeritus. He has published two books related to Paul Otlet, Belgian documentalist and internationalist, and a great many articles on history of national and international schemes for the organization and dissemination of information.

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