Title and Description Page
Childhood and Early Education 1
Parents and family situation in Chattanooga, Tennessee. Grandfather's immigration and origin of Edelstein. Mother's family. Mother's creative cooking. Grammar school. Baylor School. Mother's Reform Judaism and father's Orthodox beliefs. Early chemistry experiments.
Baylor school 3
Early trouble as student. Works to get good grades. Headmaster Alex Guerry. Interest in reading. College boards. Summer physics course. MIT application. Sister. Keys to chemistry laboratory. Laboratory explosion in making fireworks.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology 6
Summer trigonometry course. Joins fraternity. Charge account at Harvard Coop. Attitude of MIT professors. Home brew. Making wine and liqueurs. Meets future wife. Marriage in 1931.
MIT Professors and Research 9
Chemical engineering. Warren K. Lewis. Cellulose lecture. History of chemistry course with Tenney L. Davis. James Flack Norris. Norbert Wiener. Miles Sherrill. Senior year research on colloidal properties of cellulose in strong alkali. Importance of work to mercerizing process. Chemical cotton. Study of viscosity changes in cellulose solutions. Cellulose particles from ball mill. New form of cellulose. Senior research published. Cellulose as food item. American Viscose cellulose research.
Dixie Mercerizing Company 13
Move to Chattanooga. MIT course in textile microscopy. Difficulties in finding job during Depression. Laboratory on textile microscopy at Dixie Yarn Company. Making cotton look like rayon. Dye house. Mercerizing department. Color matching. Offers courses in textile microscopy and textile fibers. Quick-aging process for moonshine whiskey. Corn and athlete's foot medicine. Formation of chemical society.
Research Associate at the University of Chattanooga 16
American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists support of textile projects. AATCC Associate to study mercerizing. Develops standard test for mercerization. Testing lanolin samples for fatty acids. Use of tripoli to coagulate lanolin. Lamede, Inc. Partnership with L. F. Lamoreaux. Patent difficulties.
Hart Products Corporation 21
Searching for a job. Sylvania Industrial Corporation. Rejection by Sylvania of application for cellulose research. Director of Research at Hart Products. Owner's apartment. Plant in Elizabeth, New Jersey. Threatens to quit. Develops mercerizing system.
World War II 23
Assists Army Quartermaster Corps in quality control and mercerizing tests. Tricot fabric and mosquito netting. Zinc oxide and caustic soda. Rayon floc. Cellulose patents on viscosity control, solubility, and modifications. Edelstein process for cellulose solutions facilitates tricot fabric processing. Camouflage material. Sylvania and the Lilienfeld process. Patent infringements and Sylvania board chairman Emmerich.
Other Hart Products Activities 27
Celludye Corporation. Profits from cellulose patents. Catalytically-activated caustic (CAC) in tank car lots. Decision to leave Hart. Formation of Dexter Chemical Corporation.
Origin of Dexter Chemical Corporation 31
Partnership with Joseph Evans. Incorporation. First employees. Basis for operations of company. Selection of company name. Mercerizing chemicals. Problems with purchasing cresylic acid. Early financial aspects.
Development of Dexter Chemical Corporation 38
Involvement as president and technical director. Technical salesmen. Public relations. Phosphated surfactants (Strodex). Application to textiles and pulp and paper industry. Competition. Early sales figures. Expansion into new territories. Uron resins. Diversification.
Subsidiaries and International Operations 45
Leo Goldberg. Ventures in South America and Mexico. Sales in Israel. Dexter Chemical International. Dexter Chemical of Israel. Elimination of foreign subsidiaries. Current expansion into biochemicals. Structure of company foundation. Cross-fertilization between different industries.
History of Dyestuffs 52
MIT course in the history of chemistry. Importance of the history of dyeing to the textile industry. Articles in American Dyestuff Reporter. Benefit of history articles to Dexter Chemical Corporation. The use of history in science. Dyes in the textiles from the Bar Kochba Caves. Expeditions to Mexico.
American Chemical Society Division of the History of Chemistry 59
Edgar Fahs Smith Collection, University of Pennsylvania. Eva Armstrong. Herbert Klickstein. Divisional meeting in Philadelphia. Offers to serve as secretary of the Division. Chymia. Article on Priestley. Activities as Secretary. Wyndham Miles. Sister Saint John Nepumocene.
The Dexter Award 62
Origin. Ralph Oesper. Transfer of Divisional records to new secretary. Selection of Dexter Award recipients. Dexter Prize in the History of Technology. Williams Haynes. Eva Armstrong. Denis Duveen. Eduard Faber. Martin Levey. Blowpipe of James Curtis Booth.
First trip to Israel. United Jewish Appeal. Yom Kippur War. Donation of library to the Hebrew University. The Sidney M. Edelstein Center for the History and Philosophy of Science, Technology and Medicine. Donation of Community Center in Kiriat Shmona. Day Care Centers in Israel. Treatment of psoriasis. Einstein papers at the Hebrew University.