Title and Description Page
Childhood and Early Education 1
Childhood and early schooling in Springfield, Illinois. Early interest in science; dairy-related experiments. Chemistry in junior college.
Undergraduate and Graduate Schooling 5
Contacts with Roger Adams, Elliott Alexander, Virginia Bartow, Reynold Fuson, and Carl Marvel at the University of Illinois. Graduate work at the University of Minnesota; contacts with Stuart W. Fenton, Ed Koelsch, and William E. Parham. Decision to work at Monsanto.
Early Career at Monsanto 11
Work on various projects—carbonium ions, maleic anhydride chemistry, plasticizers, aspirin, polymers, and oxidation reactions. Research on sulfonyl ureas in treating diabetes. Monsanto's technical and management ladders, patent process, and attitude toward publications.
Transfer to Monsanto's Agricultural Division 18
A. John Speziale. Work on plant growth regulators, especially hormones. Study of plant physiology. Division culture and communication. How ideas develop.
Discovery of Glyphosate 22
Monsanto's early work in phosphonic acids; Franz's own work with biological plant-growth metabolizers, amines, and phosphinic acids. Discovery and development of glyphosate, the active ingredient in Roundup. Follow-up work on glyphosate analogs and similar compounds. Traits necessary for success in research.
Glyphosate Aftermath 28
Effect of the discovery of glyphosate on Franz's career. Comparison of Roundup to more potent herbicides.
Franz's Latter Career at Monsanto 35
Research on plant inhibitors and environmentally friendly herbicides. Views on education of today's scientists. Trends in chemical company leadership—openness to research, nurture of creativity, and reception of new discoveries. Administrative work as final part of career. Retirement.