Title and Description Page
Family History and Early Life Experiences 1
Aspiration to be an athlete during childhood. Injury and shift towards the sciences during high school. Early proficiency in tinkering and building projects.
Undergraduate Education 3
Deciding to major in physics and attending New College. Difficulties with attending a newly-founded college. Learning from mentors and deciding to go to graduate school.
Graduate Education 6
Attending UC Berkeley and studying under Gene Rochlin. The influence of John Clarke and studying superconducting Josephson effect. Being part of the superconductivity community and learning its dynamics. Working with Josephson tunneling junctions.
Early Work at UC Santa Barbara 11
Learning about scanning tunneling microscopes (STM) from Gerd Binnig. Fostering multidisciplinary research and collaborations. Squeezable electron tunneling junction work.
Building STMs 22
Shifting research direction away from ultra high vacuum and into air and liquid. Development of the STM community. Challenges and division of labor in building an STM. Role of graduate students and post-docs. First conference in Cancun, Mexico. Information exchange between pioneering researchers. DNA research using STM.
Working on atomic force microscopes (AFM) 41
Reviewing a paper for Calvin Quate that lead to interest in AFM. Building iterations of instruments. Gathering student feedbacks. Grants and funding sources. Setting up research agreement with Virgil Elings and Digital Instruments to commercialize AFMs. Spreading the use of AFM through post-docs from different disciplines.
Concluding Thoughts 66
Impact of the UCSB Materials Research Laboratory. Thoughts on the nanotechnology community. Shifting research direction towards bone diagnostic instruments.