Title and Description Page
Family History, Childhood, and Schooling 1
Father’s immigration experience. Born in Brooklyn. Early interest in
chemistry. Interest in amateur radio and electronics. Brooklyn Technical High School. Interest in chemistry and metallurgy.
Undergraduate Education, Early Career, and Graduate School 9
Undergraduate at Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn. Solid-state and radio frequency titrimetry. Scholarship work on polarography. Marriage. Sylvania Electric Products, Inc. Semiconductors and diffused transistors. Graduate studies at the University of Connecticut. Photochemistry.
Bell Laboratories 28
Recruitment. Early projects on semiconductors. Moisture contamination. Etching. Bell management. Plating. Aluminum oxide contamination. Gallium arsenide doping.
Silcon Gate 43
Interdepartmental meeting. Goal to develop a process like a chemist. Problems with field effect transistors. Idea of sandwich structure with silicon. Trial and error construction of silicon gate device. Personal, company, and industry response. Restructuring at Bell. Patents.
Later Career 71
Move to International Business Machines. Spread of silicon gate
technology. Silicon gate legal disputes. Lithography. Research in
electronic packaging technologies.