Title and Description Page
Family Background and Education 1
Parent's background. High school grades and experiences. Northwestern University. Interest in science. First radio. Undergraduate studies at the University of Minnesota. Writing of two undergraduate research papers. Sigma Psi honorary.
Early Career 3
The "Chrysler Institute." Walter P. Chrysler. Paul Ackerman. The life-testing endurance department. General Motors. Debating Ackerman's job offer. Charles F. Kettering. Gifford G. Scott. Submarine Analyzer. Breaker-type DC amplifier. Triptane development. Professor Harrison Randall. University of Michigan spectrophotometry research. Firestone System. GM engine research. Dr. Ross Gunn. Military applications of the breaker amplifier.
General Motors and Perkin-Elmer 8
DuPont's Experimental Research Station. Dr. David Frye. Dr. Downing. Dr. August Herman Pfund. Eppley vacuum thermocouples. Dr. E. J. Martin. Morris Reeder. Development of Reeder thermocouples. Problems of the Frigidaire division. GM stops production of the breaker amplifier. Howard Mogey. Richard S. Perkin. Formation of Perkin-Elmer. John U. White. GM's contracts with the Navy. Liston's move to Connecticut for Perkin-Elmer. Optically compacting tank prisms. Dick Perkin's money troubles. The Model 21. W. Brusky. Van Zandt Williams. John White leaves Perkin-Elmer. Dick Perkin's immorality.
Work After Perkin-Elmer 12
Morris Folb. License for breaker amplifier. Dr. James Elam. Dr. George Saxton. Development of the Model 16 CO2 analyzer. The Model 16 solves respirator problems. The Polio Foundation. The Iron Lung. Dr. John Severinghouse. Liston-Becker. Design description of the Model 16. Dr. Williams. Leeds and Northrup. The birth of non-dispersive IR. Perkin-Elmer's competition with Beckman Instruments. Arnold O. Beckman at Dr. Randall's lab. Liston-Folb. Albert Austin. Richard S. Becker. Liston's early relationship with Albert Austin. Development of CO analyzer. Instrument malfunctions. Liston-Becker's relationship with DuPont. Joseph Guilford.
The Navy and the Nautilus 17
The Navy's awareness of Liston's gas-analysis work. The Mark III atmospheric analyzer. The Model P oxygen analyzer. The tilt test. The USSN Nautilus. Freon accident aboard the submarine. Mark II analyzer. Agricultural chemists and the CO2 analyzer.
Beckman Instrument's Acquisition of Liston-Becker 20
Responsibilities at Liston-Becker. John F. Bishop. Dr. Beckman's interest in Liston-Becker. Negotiations for Liston-Becker. Ralph White. John Murray. The Beckman Instruments consolidation. The closing of the Connecticut plant. Liston becomes corporate director of engineering for Beckman Instruments. Robert Erickson. William Wright. Earl Jansen. Liston's relationship with Dr. Beckman. SPID's poorly designed instruments. Dr. Beckman's reluctance to deal with problems. William Shockley. The resignation of Shockley's staff.
Max Liston Leaves Beckman Instruments 25
William F. Ballhaus. Automobile emissions tests in L.A. Dr. A. J. Hagen-Smith. The CRC. Charles Heinen. Dr. Beckman's interest in air pollution. Max' Liston's feelings of failure. Liston's work with oximeters. Moffitt Field contract. The special projects division. Liston's attempted purchase of the Beckman submarine business. Dr. Miles "Lowell" Edwards. Work with Forrest Bird. Hospital respirator problems. Invention of the Handi-Vent IPPB. Work for SmithKline. Larry Brown. Weston spectrophotometer. SGPT, SGOT, and CPK tests. SmithKline reagent tables. SmithKline's interest in Beckman Instruments. The Alpha spectrophotometer. The Escalab.
Developments at Liston Scientific 34
Harold Dsenis. Gerald Frison. Ron Matheny. Edward Murphy. SmithKline warehouses the Liston respirator. Ohio Medical and Handi-Vent successes. The success of the Escalab. Digital-Alpha. Theodore Larsen. Description of the ABA-100. Contracts with Abbott Labs. Gene Browning. The Federation meeting in Chicago. Abbott Labs market study. Dr. Richard J. Henry. Abbott's poor quality reagents. Stanley Taylor. The Vickers instrument. The success of the ABA-100. Robert A. Scheollhorn. Abbott Labs tries to break its contract.
The Development of Microprocessor Technology 42
North American Semiconductor. Incorporation of RAM in to the ABA-100. Chip programming. TI-380 computer. The VP clinical analyzer. The failure of the VP cost-reduction project. The VP's flaws. Liston's development of a multi-channel instrument. The growth of Liston Scientific. The disintegration of Abbott Labs relationship with Liston Scientific. Les Duryea. Description of the Paramax. Baxter's reagent tablets. The Dunes Project. The Spectrum plant. Baxter-Dade. Dade International purchases the Paramax. Applications development for the Paramax. PSA and TSA tests. ELISA tests. The Paddle instrument. The Nichols Institute. ELISA test description. Development of an electrolyte instrument. The new Escalab. Sales to India.
The Formation of Liston-Edwards 52
Reuniting with Lowell Edwards. Edwards steam engine. TRW. The measurement of hydrocarbons. Development of an emissions analyzer. Capnograph development. Dr. Osborne's theft. The current work at Liston Scientific. CEM's. The chemical-luminescence process. Work with the EPA.
A Review of Max Liston's Introduction to IR Spectrophotometry 57
Development of the breaker amplifier. Working with Triptane. Dr. Harrison M. Randall. Dr. David Frye. Perkin-Elmer Model 12. GM manufacturing of breaker amplifier. Bowling Barnes. Breaker amplifier in the Manhattan Project. Liston's work with Perkin-Elmer. Liston's thermopile development. Dr. Beckman's work with Dr. Randall. Perkin-Elmer Model 21. John U. White. Vincent J. Coates. Abe Offner.
Liston's Work After Perkin-Elmer 62
CO2 analyzer. CO analyzer. Dr. Philip Drinker. Dr. Julius Comroe. Industrial analyzer development. Description of the gas analyzers. Flour. Li-Cor Biosciences. Creation and acquisition of Liston-Becker. Competition with MSA. Liston's move to California. The submarine analyzer contract.
Liston Leaves Beckman Instruments 70
Work with emissions analyzers. Formation of Liston-Edwards. The thousand car test in L.A. Description of emissions analyzer technology. Liston reflects on his achievements in the field of IR spectrophotometry.