Title and Description Page
Universities of Vienna and Berlin 1
Leading professors at the University of Vienna. Graduate study with Schlenk and move to Berlin with him, along with three colleagues. Berlin as cultural center.
Kaiser Wilhelm Institute 3
Conversation with Haber and circumstances of transfer to the Kaiser Wilhelm Textile Institute at Dahlem. Start of x-ray studies. Polanyi and other colleagues. Crystal structures of simple organic molecules and metals. Extension of studies to macromolecular compounds. Collaboration with Colloid Department. International visitors. Test of Compton experiment, contact with Einstein. Contemporary German physical chemistry; quantum theory, wave mechanics. Hungarians in Berlin scientific circles; recollections of Nernst and Haber. Berlin; culture, economy and politics. Research funding and personal finances during hyperinflation. Staudinger and the macromolecular controversy; the Düsseldorf meeting.
I.G. Farbenindustrie 15
Conversation with Meyer and establishment of laboratory at I.G. Farben. Cellulose crystal structure. Dispute with Staudinger on polymer conformation as evidenced by viscosity. Organization and function of Ludwigshafen laboratories; colleagues there. Pilot plant; trouble-shooting. Patents. Awareness of Carother's studies. Synthetic rubber research at I.G. Farben. Styrene monomer synthesis. Publications and contact with academic circles; teaching at Karlsruhe. Standards of laboratory equipment.
Transfer to University of Vienna 29
Conversation with Gaus, Nazi assumption of power in Germany. Offer and acceptance of chair at University of Vienna. Family, and their reaction to move. Faculty at Vienna, new curricula, research projects, graduate students. International contacts; Cambridge Faraday Society Discussion. Meeting with Carothers. Approach by Thorne of Canadian International Paper Company.
Departure from Austria. Nature of Canadian International Paper Company laboratories. Duties as research director.
Proskauer and Interscience; Polymer Monograph Series. Textile and tire-cord rayon; molecular weight distribution. Large-scale production, statistical sampling for specifications. Relations with DuPont.
Early days at Brooklyn 47
Circumstances of move to Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute. Other academic opportunities, visit to General Electric laboratories. Family vacation in Florida. Shellac Bureau; planning the polymer curriculum at Brooklyn. Research directions. X-ray studies, appointment of Fankuchen. Molecular weight and distribution studies. Appointment of young faculty. Mechanical properties. Prominence of polymer education; part-time graduate students. Publications, seminars, symposia. Effect of World War II. Weasel, DUQC and Habakkuk.
Post-war years at Brooklyn 61
Part in setting-up of Weizmann Institute. Consulting. New research directions; copolymerization, polymer characterization, thermal transitions, crystallization of supercooled polymers.
Expansion of polymer studies at Brooklyn 69
Polymer Research Institute and activities. Expansion into larger facilities. Loss and replacement of faculty. Foundation of Journal of Polymer Science and other publications. Influence of Gordon Conferences and bridging the academic/industry gap. Examples of novel developments introduced at Gordon Conferences. Establishment of encyclopedias. Polymer Monographs. Expansion of polymer journals in U.S. and abroad. Japanese polymer science.
International Activities 86
Pre-war joint venture, H/D ratio in glacial ice. Start of polymer division in IUPAC. Pulp and paper chemistry in forestry division of FAO. Royal demonstration in Japan. UNIDO fiber and plastics teaching institutes. Technology transfer, UNIDO venture in India. Visit to China in 1972.
More Recent Research Programs 91
High performance polymers and composites. Recent funding sources at Polymer Research Institute. Consulting. Experimental methods, transfer of knowledge.
Soviet Contacts 98
Pre-war contacts in Vienna; post-war international visits. The Tashkent boycott; human rights.