Title and Description Page
Education and Early Career 1
B.S., and M.S. in Chemical Engineering from Ohio State University. Monsanto Company in Springfield, Massachusetts. Air defense simulation modeling in U.S. Army at Fort Bliss, Texas. Operations Research, Inc. Program Director at Research Management Corporation. Executive Vice President at Resource Allocation, Inc. U.S. Food and Drug Administration Bureau of Drugs. Planning and Evaluation; then Deputy Assistant Commissioner of Planning and Evaluation; several years there. U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission. Director, Office of Program Planning and Evaluation. Deputy Associate Executive Director, Engineering Sciences. IRLG under President Carter. Liaison among EPA, OSHA, CPSC, FDA. Risk assessment. Frustration with bureaucracy. Leaves for EPA.
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency 2
Director, Office of Toxic Substances, then Acting Assistant Administrator, Office of Pesticides and Toxic Substances (OPTS). Discusses cultural differences among agencies. Career staff versus political appointees. Differences in goals and processes. Difficulties of regulation process. Looking for causes.
Perceived successes and failures 4
Failed to regulate asbestos, but got rid of emberizing ash. Costs exceeded benefits of warning about asbestos. Illnesses resulting from asbestos removal. Market eliminated asbestos without regulation. PCB regulation successful. Industry testing legislated.
Decision-making Process 10
Philosophy: “Do the right thing.” Testing difficulties. PMN (premanufacturing notice). Unreasonable risk. Early decisions dependent on analysis of costs versus benefits; now “just do it.” Politicization recent; e.g. formaldehyde redux. Relationship with U.S. Congress. Influence of REACH. General elections as stimulus for legislation. Resources dependent on lawsuits against TSCA; feasibility of suing own department. Advocating for program.
Office of Air and Radiation (OAR); Solid Waste and Emergency Response 25
Career move in OPTS from Acting Assistant Administrator would not be upward, so decided to leave department. Chose OAR for its interesting problems. Found TSCA boring; felt that about five years was right time frame for avoiding staleness. Went to Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response (OSWER).
Final Thoughts 26
Frustrations with getting things done. Testing process too costly, too drawn out. Defining universe of old chemicals to test impossible. REACH perhaps too onerous for American industry. Confidential business information (CBI) forces necessary tough decisions; boundaries always changing. Basic tension between regulators and consumers.