Title and Description Page
Case Western University Medical School 1
Reorganization of curriculum on an organ system basis. Fights to get changes through.
Early Education 3
Growing up in rural Minnesota. Athletics stressed by family. Grade school and high school. Hopes to go to medical school. Family background.
Macalester College 5
Effects of the Great Depression. Rooming with brother. Marries wife, Millie. Strong influence of biologyprofessor O. T. Walters. Decides to pursue Ph.D. in chemistry because he cannot afford medical school.
Iowa State College at Ames (now Iowa State University) 7
Begins work on bacteria metabolism with Chester H. Werkman. Shows C. B. van Niel to be wrong. Virtually runs laboratory on his own. First discovers fixation of carbon dioxide. Begins to work with Alfred O. Nier. Negative influence of Werkman.
Case Western University 19
Initial dissatisfaction with administration. Chairman of Biochemistry Department. Enjoys continuing laboratory work.
University of Wisconsin 21
Spends one year postdoc working with Edward L. Tatum and William H. Peterson on vitamins and metabolism. Returns to work at Iowa State because jobs difficult to find.
Iowa State College at Ames 22
Construction of mass spectrometer and thermal diffusion column. Works with Lester Krampitz and Mert Utter. Mistake prevents being first to show carbon dioxide use by animals. Nier continues to assist greatly.
University of Minnesota 30
Measures glycolysis in rats' brains. Becomes acquainted with prominent biochemists.
Case Western University 32
Reorganization of Biochemistry Department. New curriculum and administrative procedures. Discussion of current demographics.
Additional Activities 37
Journal of Biological Chemistry (generates controversy while on editorial board). General Secretary, then President of International Union of Biochemistry. President's Scientific Advisory Committee. Sabbatical in New Zealand.
The Future of Molecular Biology 41
Impact of high technology. Hope for a chemical explanation of depression. Genetic engineering. Necessity of motivation.