Science is a human pursuit. Meet the people behind some of chemistry’s most important milestones.

A

Acheson, Edward Goodrich (1856–1931)
Albers-Schönberg, Georg (1929)
Alberts, Alfred W. (1931)
Arrhenius, Svante August (1859–1927)
Avogadro, Amedeo (1776–1856)

B

Baekeland, Leo Hendrik (1863–1944)
Banting, Frederick Grant (1891–1941)
Barton, Jacqueline K. (1952– )
Beckman, Arnold O. (1900–2004)
Benerito, Ruth (1916–2013)
Benesch, Reinhold (1919–1986)
Benesch, Ruth Erica (1925–2000)
Berg, Paul (1926– )
Berkowitz, Joan (1931– )
Berson, Solomon (1918–1972)
Bertozzi, Carolyn (1966– )
Berzelius, Jöns Jakob (1779–1848)
Best, Charles Herbert (1899–1978)
Black, James Whyte (1924–2010)
Blodgett, Katharine Burr (1898–1979)
Bovet, Daniel (1907–1992)
Boyer, Herbert W. (1936– )
Boyle, Robert (1627–1691)
Brierley, James A. (1938– )
Brierley, Corale L. (1945– )
Brown, Rachel Fuller (1898–1980)
Bunsen, Robert (1811–1899)
Burns, Stephanie (1955– )

C

Campbell, Walter G. (1877–1963)
Cannizzaro, Stanislao (1826–1910)
Carothers, Wallace Hume (1896–1937)
Carr, Emma Perry (1880–1972)
Carson, Rachel (1907–1964)
Chain, Ernst Boris (1906–1979)
Chandler, Charles F. (1836–1925)
Charpentier, Paul (n.d.)
Chowdhry, Uma (1947– )
Cohen, Stanley N. (1935)
Cohn, Mildred (1913–2009)
Collip, James Bertram (1892–1965)
Conant, James Bryant (1893–1978) 
Cori, Carl Ferdinand (1896–1984)
Cori, Gerty Theresa (1896–1957)
Cottrell, Frederick Gardner (1877–1948)
Couper, Archibald Scott (1831–1892)
Courvoisier, Simone (n.d.)
Crick, Francis (1916–2004)
Curie, Marie Sklodowska (1867–1934)
Curl, Robert F., Jr. (1933– )
Curme, George O. (1888–1976)

D

Dalton, John (1766–1844)
Daly, Marie Maynard (1921–2003)
Davis, George E. (1850–1906)
Davy, Humphry (1778–1829)
Delay, Jean (1907–1987)
Deniker, Pierre (1917–1998)
Djerassi, Carl (1923– )
Domagk, Gerhard (1895–1964)
Dorman, Linneaus C. (1935– )
Dow, Herbert Henry (1866–1930)
du Pont, Eleuthère Irénée (1771–1834)

E

Edwards, Cecile Hoover (1926–2005)
Ehrlich, Paul (1854–1915)
Elion, Gertrude (1918–1999)
Emerson, Gladys L. A. (1903–1984)

F

Faraday, Michael (1791–1867)
Feynman, Richard (1918–1988)
Fieser, Louis (1899–1977)
Fieser, Mary Peters (1909–1997)
Fischer, Emil (1852–1919)
Fleming, Alexander (1881–1955)
Florey, Howard Walter (1898–1968)
Flory, Paul (1910–1985)
Franklin, Rosalind (1920–1958)
Free, Alfred (1913–2000)
Free, Helen M. (1923– )
Fuller, Ray W. (1935–1996)

G

Gay-Lussac, Joseph Louis (1778–1850)
Good, Mary Lowe (1931– )
Gore, Robert W. (1937– )

H

Haber, Fritz (1868–1934)
Hach-Darrow, Clifford C. (1919–1990)
Hach-Darrow, Kathryn (b. 1922)
Hahn, Otto (1879–1968)
Hall, Charles M.  (1863–1914)
Hamilton, Alice (1869–1970)
Hannay, N. Bruce (1921–1996)
Harrison, Anna Jane (1912–1998)
Hazen, Elizabeth Lee (1885–1975)
Heeger, Alan J. (1936– )
Héroult, Paul (1863–1914)
Hill, Henry Aaron (1915–1979)
Hitchings, George (1905–1998)
Hodgkin, Dorothy Crowfoot (1910–1994)
Hoffman, Darleane (1926– )
Hoffmann, Felix (1868–1946)
Houdry, Eugene (1892–1962)

I

J

Jeanes, Allene Rosalind (1906–1995)
Joliot, Frédéric (1900–1958)
Joliot-Curie, Irène (1897–1956)
Julian, Percy Lavon (1899–1975); also see The Life and Science of Percy Julian

K

Kekulé von Stradonitz, August (1829–1896)
Kelsey, Frances Oldham (1914– )
Kiessling, Laura (1960– )
Kirchhoff, Gustav (1824–1887)
Klinman, Judith P. (1941– )
Kroto, Harold W. (1939– )
Kwolek, Stephanie L. (1923– )

L

Laborit, Henri-Marie (1914–1995)
Landau, Ralph (1916–2004)
Langer, Robert S. (1948– )
Langmuir, Irving (1881–1957)
Lavoisier, Antoine-Laurent (1743–1794)
Lewis, Gilbert Newton (1875–1946)
Lewis, Warren K. (1882–1975)
Liebig, Justus von (1803–1873)
Lin, Fu-Kuen (1941– )
Linde, Carl von (1842–1934)
Little, Arthur D. (1863–1935)
Lloyd, Rachel Holloway (1839–1900)
Long, Esmond R. (1890–1979)

M

MacDiarmid, Alan G. (1927–2007)
Macleod, John James Rickard (1876–1935)
Marcet, Jane (1769–1858)
Mark, Herman Francis (1895–1992)
Marker, Russell Earl (1902–1995)
Marvel, Carl Shipp (1894–1988)
McKeen, John Elmer (1903–1978)
McNeil, Robert L., Jr. (1915–2010)
Meitner, Lise (1878–1968)
Mendeleev, Dmitri Ivanovich (1834–1907)
Menten, Maud Leonora (1879–1960)
Meyer, Julius Lothar (1830–1895)
Michaelis, Leonor (1875–1949)
Michel, Helen Vaughn (1932– )
Molina, Mario (1943– )
Molloy, Bryan B. (1939–2004) 
Moore, Gordon E. (1929– )

N

Natta, Giulio (1903–1979)
Nobel, Alfred (1833–1896)

O

Ondetti, Miguel A. (1930–2004)
Othmer, Donald F. (1904–1995)

P

Patchett, Arthur A. (1929)
Pauling, Linus Carl (1901–1994)
Pasteur, Louis (1822–1895)
Pennington, Mary Engle (1872–1952)
Perkin, William Henry (1838–1907)
Plunkett, Roy J. (1910–1994)
Priestley, Joseph (1733–1804)

Q

R

Ramsay, William (1852–1916)
Rathmann, George (1927– )
Reichmanis, Elsa (1953– )
Richards, Ellen H. Swallow (1842–1911)
Richards, Theodore William (1868–1928)
Richardson, Jane S. (1941– )
Rutherford, Ernest (1871–1937)
Rutter, William J. (1928– )

S

Sabin, Albert Bruce (1906–1993)
Salk, Jonas (1914–1995)
Seaborg, Glenn (1912–1999)
Seibert, Florence B. (1898–1991)
Shirakawa, Hideki (1936– )
Sinfelt, John H. (1931–2011)
Singer, Maxine (1931– )
Smalley, Richard E. (1943–2005)
Solomon, Susan (1956– )
Sørensen, Søren (1868–1939)
Staudinger, Hermann (1881–1965)
Strassmann, Fritz (1902–1980)
Szent-Györgyi, Albert (1893–1986)

T

Taylor, Kathleen C. (1942– )
Taylor, Susan S. (1942– )
Thomson, Joseph John (1856–1940)
Tolbert, Margaret E. M. (1943– )
Tomalia, Donald (1938– )

U

V

van’t Hoff, Jacobus Henricus (1852–1911)

W

Waksman, Selman Abraham (1888–1973)
Walker, William H. (1869–1934)
Watson, James (1928– )
Weisz, Paul B. (1919–2005)
Wiley, Harvey Washington (1844–1930)
Wilkins, Maurice (1916–2004)
Williams, Robert R. (1886–1965)
Wöhler, Friedrich (1800–1882)
Wong, David T. (1935– )
Woodward, Robert Burns (1917–1979)

XYZ

Yalow, Rosalyn (1921–2011)
Ziegler, Karl (1898–1973)