Chemical History of Electronics

The integrated circuit from an Intel 8742, an 8-bit microcontroller that includes a CPU running at 12 MHz, 128 bytes of RAM, 2048 byte of EPROM, and I/O in the same chip. Courtesy of Ioan Sameli.

The rise of semiconductor electronics is one of the most important developments in recent history. The manufacture of semiconductor devices relies fundamentally on chemical processes, equipment, and specially produced materials. 

To document and explore the chemical and material dimensions of, and the contributions of chemists, chemical engineers, metallurgists, and materials scientists to the development of modern electronics, CHF has conducted oral histories that engage with the breadth of this history, encompassing diverse locations, times, and developments in the history of electronics. 

Part of this collection is sponsored, in part, by the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, and focuses on the career of Gordon Moore, the author of Moore's law (one of the most important observations about semiconductor technologies), and his colleagues at Fairchild Semiconductor and Intel Corporation.  Moore, a chemist, cofounded both Fairchild and Intel, organizations that made essential contributions to the development of semiconductor electronics.

Individuals interviewed for this collection so far are:


Click here for a more detailed description of each of the oral histories in this collection.